The NHS is in turmoil because it’s struggling with massive problems as a result of 3 major government policies:
a) Government cuts. As part of its austerity measures, the government has ordered the NHS to make savings of at least £20 billion over 4 years.
b) The use of PFI. Over the past 20 years, many NHS hospitals were encouraged to rebuild using private money (the Private Finance Initiative). Very high interest rates mean that many of these hospitals cannot afford the loan repayments and some are already going bankrupt.
c) NHS “Reforms.” The Health and Social Care Act became law in March 2012. This calls for total top down re-organisation, changing the whole system of health care provision, reducing the Government’s responsibility, and opening up the NHS to private health companies.